Taranaki’s Archdeacon Tikitūterangi Raumati, 81, a great-grandson of the Parihaka leader Te Whiti o Rongomai, was laid to rest in New Plymouth last Monday. But, as Lloyd Ashton writes, even in death, he continues to challenge us.
In death, Tiki Raumati wears the one symbol of office that generations of Taranaki Māori longed for him to wear in life: the pectoral cross, the sign of a bishop.
As he lay in state in Te Aroha o Maui Pomare ki tona Iwi Māori — the whare tīpuna at Ruapekapeka marae, Urenui, built by Sir Māui Pōmare as an expression of his love for all the tribes — Archbishop Philip Richardson took the pounamu cross that hung around his own neck.
He then gently placed it on the chest of Archdeacon Tiki, the man who was his mentor, the man he’d asked to be the first kaumātua of the Taranaki Cathedral Church of St Mary, and kaumātua of the Diocese of Waikato and Taranaki.
That taonga of office stays with Tiki into eternity.
And in the very first words that Archbishop Philip, Bishop of Waikato and Taranaki, uttered at Tiki’s funeral mass at St Joseph’s Catholic Church — no other church in New Plymouth would have been big enough to hold the 700-plus mourners — he drew out that symbolism.
“In my view,” said Archbishop Philip, “he was the true Bishop of Taranaki.
“What I wear today, I wear because of Tiki Raumati.
“Everything I wear, he gave me.
“This cope was made for him.
“This mitre was made by Wilma (Tiki’s widow) for me.
“This shepherd’s staff,” he said, drawing attention to the carved rakau he carries, “is like no other shepherd’s staff ever made.”
That, too, had come thanks to Tiki. (Tiki had asked his niece, the artist and carver Moewai Aterea, to select the wood and carve the rakau.)
Mind you, said Archbishop Philip, Tiki had ground a couple of centimetres off its length in June 2016. Simply because he’d plonked it down 10,000 times during the three-day Parihaka Peace Walk.
Tiki’s significance, not only to the Bishop of Taranaki but also to the people of Taranaki, can be further understood in the startling response he made when a humbled Bishop Philip had tried to express his gratitude for the cope.
“When I thanked Tiki, he said:
‘Don’t thank me.
‘It’s a burden.
‘You have to wear it, and to feel the weight of it.
‘You have to understand the cost that these feathers represent.
‘It should be a burden for you, and for your successors.'”
Well, the cope that Tiki gave Archbishop Philip bears the image of Taranaki — the maunga. And it’s trimmed with raukura, the white feathers which are the enduring symbol of the people of Parihaka, and their peaceful, dignified resistance to the colonial army which invaded their settlement in 1881.
There’s powerful symbolism, too, in the place where Archdeacon Tiki chose to be buried. Because, in the 1860s, St Mary’s was a garrison church — a place which gave succour to the constabulary, to the colonial soldiers.
But, in doing so, that same church had betrayed those who had to endure their onslaught.
And so the first people of Taranaki had shunned St Mary’s, for 120 years.
Tiki didn’t, though.
Knowing the history, he chose to mend the history.
In 1965, he was ordained deacon there.
His mother, Parehaereone, came to the church that day, too. She made her karanga, and told Tiki that she would always support him.
“But never forget,” she told him and those who had ears to hear: “This is the place where they stored the gunpowder they used to shoot your ancestors.”
So even in death, Tiki chooses to live out that message of painful reconciliation.
He now lies among the colonial soldiers and their descendants, in the graveyard of St Mary’s. He is the first Māori to be buried in that sacred space.
At his graveside, Archbishop Philip reflected about the significance of that choice:
“One of the things that Tiki always reminded us of,” he said, “is the Gospel principle that the truth will set you free.
“But only by honestly facing into the truth.
“So he always encouraged us to face the history that this church is enmeshed in. And he encouraged us to face that history so that it could transform our future.
“His lasting wish was to be permanently associated with the need for an honest telling of the story.
“But not for its own sake: but for the sake of what the future could be if we lived, as he used to suggest, in a Gospel-driven, Treaty-based way.”
Archbishop Philip acknowledged that during the three days of the tangi, there had been a tussle over where Tiki should be laid to rest.
That is the way things go in te ao Māori. The greater the person’s mana, the greater the desire to honour that person, to care for their memory, and to host their mana.
“And so his own people, Ngāti Mutunga, put the case for burying him with his parents, and many of his siblings, at Urenui.
“And the people of Parihaka, likewise. He’s the great-grandson of Te Whiti o Rongomai — and Parihaka put the case for him being buried there.”
But, in the end, said Archbishop Philip, the people recognised Tiki’s wishes to be buried “in this conflicted space.”
“It was his wish that he continue to be at the forefront of that conflicted history, teaching us the way of peace, teaching us the way of radical inclusion of all people, and teaching us that pathway of love and reconciliation which will bring, in the end, healing to our history, and healing to our relationships.
“That’s what he believed in, and that’s what he is seeking by lying here.”
And as Tiki was laid to rest, the churchyard at St Mary’s became what it hadn’t been since the 1840s and 1850s, when Te Hāhi Mihinare was a Māori church, rather than a settler church. Everywhere you looked, you saw Māori: Māori bearing the tūpāpaku, Māori doing haka.
But perhaps, most significantly, and all thanks to Tiki: Māori and Pākehā, mingling together, as one.
On this special day, at least.
This story was first published in Anglican Taonga and is republished here with permission. See also Anglican archdeacon Tikitūterangi Raumati makes a powerful statement in death.
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